Egyptian mythology has always attracted people all around the globe. Many kinds of research have been conducted so far and many papers have been written. History is ridden with many secrets around pyramids, Egyptian Gods, and lots of other mythical creatures. There are many Gods in the Egyptian pantheon. Each God represents a different aspect of nature and is worshipped in many forms.
Many Movies and TV shows are loaded with riddles about Egyptian Gods. Some of them are really important in mythology, and their prominence saw many ups and downs as Egyptian society and civilization went through many changes. Let’s talk about some of the important ones among them.
Most Prominent Egyptian Gods
Osiris was the God of the underworld, resurrection, afterlife, order, fertility, and the dead. He was generally depicted with green skin. He was one of the primary Gods of ancient Egypt. He was the brother of Seth, Isis, and Nephthys. He was the judge of the underworld and was murdered by his brother Set during a ceremony. After this, he was resurrected by his wife Isis, who gave birth to his son Horus. Osiris has sometimes symbolized death and the flood of the Nile River. He sometimes counted as the eldest son of the earth God Geb.
Anubis was the God of the afterlife, mummification, and dead. He was a Jackal head deity and was often considered the God of cemeteries. He was also known by the name Inpu. He was considered the master of the embalming process. Anubis was the son of Osiris and Nephthys. He took care of the account of souls in the afterlife. He was responsible for weighing scales, which decide the sins of souls after death. He is often depicted in black color.
Ra was the king of Gods, the heaven, the creator of the universe, and the God of the Sun who traveled across the sky. He was the most powerful among Egyptian Gods. He was the guide of the ancient Egyptians and had a major role in their daily life. As a Sun God, he played an important role, in the Agrarian society that lived in the desert. In the later kingdoms, Ra was combined with Amun, thus called Amun-Ra. He symbolized many things like warmth, growth, and life. He watched over the people from the sky.
Thoth was the ancient Moon God of Egypt. He was the God of wisdom, science, literature, magic, arts, master of knowledge, and judgment, and He was depicted with the head of Ibis and the body of humans. His wife was Maat. He is considered the messenger of Egyptian Gods. Thoth was important in early Egyptian astrology and astronomy, as he was the God of the moon. His phases helped people to know the time.
She was the daughter of the earth God Geb and sky Goddess Nut. She was the sibling of Set, Osiris, and Nephthys. Isis was the wife of God of underworld Osiris, and the mother of Horus. She was worshipped from Egypt to ancient Greece and in Roman mythology as well. She was considered the Goddess of wisdom and magic. Isis brought back her husband Osiris, from death with the help of her magic and wisdom. In ancient Egypt, she was known for inventing the embalming process.
Mut was the mother Goddess in ancient Egypt. She had the wings of a Vulture, as in ancient Egypt the vulture was considered the protecting mother. Later on, she is depicted with the head of a lioness and sometimes with a Cow. She was the wife of Amun, and She was rosed to prominence during the new kingdom. She is sometimes mentioned as the mother of Moon God Khonsu. The temple of Karnak was the worship place of Amun-Ra, Mut, and Khonsu.
She was the Goddess of sky, women, love, and fertility. Hathor played an important role in ancient mythology, she was considered the mother Goddess also. She was commonly symbolized as a cow, because of her role as a mother Goddess. She is sometimes depicted, as the ‘eye of Ra’. Hathor was known as one of the defenders of Sun God. She represented music, love, joy, and mother care. Some accounts have suggested, that she gave food to the dead during their journey in underwood.
Khonsu was the Egyptian God of the Moon. He called, the traveler to show his similarity with the Moon, who traveled across the sky. He was sometimes called a pathfinder, and a defender. He protected the night travelers, by showing them the right path for their journey. He and Thoth both represented the time passage as a Moon God. He worshipped alongside his family in the temple of Karnak, Thebes, which was a major cult center at that time. Khonsu is depicted in Mummy form, and sometimes he has shown with the falcon head. He was famous for healing, and associated with astronomy.